The “mother of all hormones,” pregnenolone is a precursor to all other hormones and naturally depletes with age. Its benefits may include lower stress, higher resistance to stress effects, improved energy, immunity, mood and memory, reduced PMS and menopause symptoms, and repair of myelin sheaths. Many believe replacing this hormone to youthful levels is key to treating the symptoms of aging.
Progesterone is secreted by the ovaries, with receptor sites in the uterus, breast, brain and blood vessels. Its benefits may include improved premenstrual tension syndrome and menopausal symptoms, better sleep and sex drive, cardiovascular protections, and controlled estrogen dominance.
Estrogen is secreted by the ovaries in three different forms: 70% of estrogens come from Estradiol; it also metabolizes into two less-active forms – Estriol and Estrone. Estrogen may help improve menopausal symptoms, energy, memory, sleep, continence, libido, cholesterol, urogenital atrophy, bone strength and skin elasticity. It may also help prevent Alzheimer’s, other cognitive decline and colon cancer, and may offer cardiovascular protection.
Testosterone is produced by the adrenal glands, ovaries and testes. Testosterone may help improve sex drive and ability to orgasm, stamina, depression, blood pressure and insulin sensitivity. It may help build lean muscle mass and reduce visceral fat, lower the risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia, and enhance overall wellbeing.
DHEA is an endocrine precursor to estrogen and testosterone, secreted by the adrenal glands and nerve tissue. DHEA may reverse immune suppression due to excess cortisol levels, accelerate recovery from acute stress, protect against bacteria, viruses, fungus, yeast, parasites and allergies, increase lean muscle mass and decrease body fat percentage, prevent osteoporosis, and improve energy, sleep quality, mental clarity and premenstrual symptoms.
Thyroid is secreted by the thyroid gland and regulates metabolism, temperature and brain function. T4 is main thyroid hormone, T3 is the most active form; we lose our ability to convert both T4 and T3 as we grow older. Thyroid hormones may help improve energy, cholesterol, metabolism, cerebral metabolism, and thinning hair and nails.
Melatonin is secreted by the brain’s pineal gland and declines with age, especially after 40. A powerful antioxidant, melatonin may improv sleep quality, patterns and depth, mood, migraines and blood pressure. It may also increase natural killer cells and modulate immune function.
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